LATEST FIELD STORY ARCHIVE

 

The use of organic pesticide

13 June 2018  

 

Jecha Katanzi. Preparation of organic pesticide from neem leaves

 

"I use organic pesticides because they are cheap", says Jecha Katanzi (29) from Iringa Municipal. Since 2012 he has been growing sweet pepper and tomato, following the example of his sister who is also involved in vegetable production.

In December 2017 Jecha attended a SEVIA youth training conducted by Wilfred Makange (SEVIA extension officer) in the tomato demo of Brighty Mvili. The training covered seeds selection, nursery management, transplanting, the application of fertilizers and general crop protection.

Jecha also learned about organic pesticides through discussions with Wilfred. "I decided to start using organic pesticides; mainly because of the low costs compared to chemical pesticides. Other advantages are that the organic pesticides can chase away more than one species of insects and are not dangerous to humans. Moreover they can be made from plants that grow everywhere."

Jecha has been using neem extract for controlling insects since January 2018. He sprayed every 5 days. He started harvesting his sweet pepper crop in April 2018.

"I used chemicals in the past but I am happy to see the positive impact of using organic pesticides", he says. "My crop looks very healthy."

Differentiate yourself from others

2 May 2018  

 

Mr. Ayubu Makasi and his sister in-law
 

Ayubu Juma Makasi (53) from Tanga (Lushoto) is a vegetable farmer of tomato, squash, broccoli, red cabbage and lettuce. He started farming in 1985 after quitting his welding job.

He heard about the SEVIA extension officer (Adam Lazaro) doing a good job for the first time in 2015. Although his expectations were not attained from the first tomato demo, he believed that the next season would bring good results, due to the support and guidance provided by Adam Lazaro. And it did: “The second tomato demo was successful, I was able to harvest 80% of the entire demo”, he said.

Ayubu Makasi includes proper application of fertilizer as well as pest and diseases control measures to the rest of his crops. Following the outcomes from SEVIA demos he switched to using hybrid seeds.

“The use of hybrid seeds has completely changed my market approach”, he said. Previously he was selling his produce in local markets in Lushoto, but since he started working with SEVIA and after some market research, he has been transporting his high quality vegetables to Dar es Salaam. “I am getting good market prices because I am not using middlemen to sell my produce. I am happy to be different from other farmers”, he stated. “With the income I am getting from a more lucrative market in Dar, I am buying inputs to provide other farmers as loans. I get repaid through a profit sharing and so I have extra income from farming, but indirectly. That makes me a happy farmer. ”

My needs are satisfied

2 May 2018  

 

Salimu Iddi with his open field nursery
 

Salim Iddi (61) is a versatile farmer from Bombo village in Lushoto district, growing sweet pepper and tomato in the greenhouse while he conducts broccoli, tomato, lettuce, sweet pepper, butternut, beans, white radish, cabbage, carrot and zucchini production in the open field.

In 2015, he was introduced to SEVIA better farming practices through a demo plot of a farmer from another village. Then he decided to host a tomato demo himself, under the supervision of Adam Lazaro (former extension officer). “I was so astonished by the demo results which were totally different with my previous informal way of farming”, he said.

By attaching to SEVIA he learned the impact of hybrid seeds, proper fertilizer application and general crop management. He has been using the same techniques and technologies in other crops and obtained good results. “I am pleased to share what I have experienced with other farmers”, he said.

Salimu Iddi is a big fan of the SEVIA way: “Despite of the common challenges like changing and unpredictable weather, high pressure from bacteria wilt and white flies, since I adopted SEVIA farming practices I managed to generate enough income to send my children to good schools. I was able to buy a cow, which is another source of income as well.”

He is going to have his second SEVIA demo this season; sweet pepper in a greenhouse under the supervision of Joseph Masethya, who says that Mr Iddi’s farm and personality can inspire other Lushoto farmers to change their practices. “I am happy that I am learning more from SEVIA”, Salimu Iddi said. “Other farmers should too.”

Farmer - farmer learning in action

2 May 2018  

 

Mentor and learner: Silas Mdoe has been supporting Twahiru Kaniki (red hat).
 

Twahiru Buni Kaniki (42) is a farmer from Mbuzii-Soni village, Lushoto District, who had been exclusively growing maize and beans since 2000 until recently. He has now included growing tomato, sweet pepper, cabbage, onion, cucumber, eggplant and carrot.

Twahiru Kaniki was informed about SEVIA through his neighbour, Silas Abdallah Mdoe (69) who hosted a SEVIA tomato demo as from April 2017. “I was so impressed with demo results compared to what I observed in other farms around and that was my turning point. I thought I had to shift from cereal crop production only to including vegetables”, he said.

He hosted a tomato demo of his own, starting in October 2017. The demo performed well, given support from Joseph Masethya (SEVIA extension officer) and his mentor (Silas). He planted other vegetables. Through farmer-farmer knowledge transfer, Twahiru Kaniki continued to obtain good results from his vegetables. He managed to buy a cow from the sale of his produce and is planning to build his own house in future. “The right time to excel is taking the opportunity that is ahead of you. I am glad that I got one from SEVIA and my neighbour”, he proclaimed.

Asked about his future prospects, he smiled and said, “I am not really where I want to be but SEVIA showed me a bright way ahead and I am pleased to have a mentor who can assist me all the time”.

Special field day in Babati draws 109 farmers 

5 April 2018  

 

Rashid Malomba Barie has enough support for his farming ventures.

 

SEVIA’s Extension officer Ladislaus Mkufya explains demo objectives.

 

Gahmar F1, the new act in town. All the people attending marveled at the amount of fruit the tomato crop was carrying. One farmer just shook her head and said "I have never seen anything like this."
 

A staggering 109 people attended a special field day in Babati showcasing the importance of including potassium in tomato fertilization and presenting a new variety, Gahmar F1. The event, featuring one of SEVIA’s partner companies, Rijk Zwaan, was the 7th field day (out of 26 in the October 2017 – February 2018 cropping season) organized by SEVIA. 

The field day was held in Ayasanda village at the plot of Rashid Malomba Barie, a 79 year old veteran farmer who shows that he can still compete with the best. The occasion was also graced by 5 government officers including the District Agriculture, Irrigation and Cooperative Officer (DAICO) Mrs. Jetrida Kyekaka. SEVIA’s Managing Director Elijah Mwashayenyi talked about the importance of seeking markets and combining quality seed with good farming technology. “Farmers should take the lead in finding markets”, emphasized Extension Manager Epaphras Milambwe. Matthew Ngoma (Rijk Zwaan) explained the merits of using quality seeds including Rijk Zwaan’s tomato varieties Gahmar F1 and Jarrah F1. In her address Mrs. Jetrida Kyekaka pleaded with Rijk Zwaan to open a branch in Babati so as to make their seeds more accessible. Village chairman Elias Bombo thanked SEVIA for choosing Babati as one of its working districts and pledged to put Babati on the map through vegetable production.

Two farmers, youth Erasto Elias who had been learning from Mr. Malomba’s demo and Abubakari Saidi from Kikore, gave moving testimonies of how collaboration with SEVIA was making a difference in their lives. Host farmer Mr. Malomba could not hide their happiness at what was transpiring: "I would like to thank SEVIA and extension officer Ladislaus Mkufya. He is a hardworking young man whom you can call at anytime. He has shown me that by using hybrid seeds with proper fertilizer, I can get a good yield in a small plot. To my fellow farmers I say, if I can produce like this at my age, you can all do the same.”

It makes selling easier 

12 March 2018  

 

 

Christina Msalato and Abigael Mlonga are vendors in Msalato Village (just outside the city of Dodoma). Since farmers are now producing better quality products, selling has become easier. 

Smallholder farmers like vendors Christina Msalato and Abigael Mlonga sell a lot, because they offer what farmers regard as a fair price for produce, even while the profit margins after selling are low. For example, if the ladies buy tomatoes at TZS 800 per kg, they resell at TZS 1000 per kg. This is in stark contrast to some other buyers who offer the farmers a lower price and put a big mark-up on the selling price. 

The job of Christina and Abigael is made easier by farmers who use better quality varieties seeds advocated for by SEVIA. “We are for instance very happy with the quality of this tomato variety (Victory F1). It has a uniform shape, tastes good and the skin shows no bruises. Our customers like it too,” they told SEVIA extension officer Mseti Mwita recently. “It makes selling easier.” SEVIA advices farmers to choose improved varieties, because these are also more resilient to pests and diseases and are known to deliver a higher yield.  

Selling of farm produce is a major challenge to many of vegetable farmers in Tanzania. A lot of farmers focus on accessing town and cities markets since they believe they can fetch higher prices. This fact is known to favour larger vegetable growers since they can sell their produce in bulk. Large growers have two advantages in selling their produce; they can sell wholesale to markets or directly to processing industries. Most small scale farmers are forced to keep on selling their produce to market speculators, middleman or directly to the market. By doing this, they sometimes get low profit due to high bargaining power of the traders or are confronted with costs for taking the produce to the market. By improving the quality of the produce or e.g. choosing varieties that have very specific characteristics, farmers might attract specific traders and gain more selling opportunities.

Neighbours are also very anxious to learn from my experiences

16 August 2017  

 



 

My name is Laurent Daslo (53). I live in Nangara (Babati) together with my wife Magdalena Mkeni and three children. Five years ago I started vegetable farming. Untill this spring I grew Chinese cabbage, sukumawiki, carrot and African nightshade. I always wanted to grow tomatoes, but in a more skillful way. One day I was triggered by the extension officer of SEVIA, Ladislaus Mkufya, who set up a demo field in the nearby street. We agreed to do the same at my place. He showed me to produce more yield on a a small area. Since I have no water problems here, I like to continue growing other vegetables. My neighbours visit me and are very anxious to learn from my experiences. Watch it here

Planning of farming is very important

16 August 2017 
 

 

My name is Abubakari Saidi, from Babati. Since I finished school in 1997 I am a vegetable farmer. I fully rely on income out of my vegetable farming and of course – I have 7 children – I am always on the lookout to increase my profits. Quality seeds make a big difference: they produce more transplants and the plants are healthier. I learnt how to plan the farming which is also very important. Watch it here

I now pay attention to the right dosage of chemicals and fertilizers

16 August 2017  
 

 

I am Monica Humay. Originally I am from Arusha, but I moved to Babati. My husband and I have been farmers for over 30 years. I grow cereal crops like maize, but I discovered growing tomatoes can be very profitable in a short period of time. Because we live close to the road from Babati to Morogoro it is very easy to find a trader who buys our products. We switched from traditional farming to applying improved methods according to the SEVIA-way. I now pay attention to the right dosage of chemicals and fertilizers. SEVIA also taught us about spacing and the use of quality seeds. Watch it here

I am happy when the farmers are happy

16 August 2017 
 

 

My name is Ladislaus Mkufya. I am SEVIA extension officer in Babati. I like to teach the farmers to improve their vegetable farming. When they are happy, e.g. when they actually see that their products are better than before, I am happy too. Watch it here

Harald Peeters, Managing Director Rijk Zwaan Tanzania

3 July 2017 
 

 

Harald Peeters, Managing Director Rijk Zwaan Tanzania: "SEVIA is a good synergy of private and public partners." Watch it here

 

Knowing how to use a greenhouse makes a good farmer

7 March 2017, Moshi

     

 

  Having a greenhouse does not make you a good farmer, but knowing how to farm in a greenhouse does! Mr. Christopher Elias Mrecha is a regular farmer in Hai who built a greenhouse in the hope of increasing his income.

He said he was often misled on his failing crops. When SEVIA visited him for the first time, he was growing sukuma wiki in his greenhouse.

After his first consultation he was alerted by SEVIA that his plot had a serious case of bacteria wilt. And due to poor construction of the green house, the air circulation was ineffective which caused other diseases due to high humidity.

After just over one month of guidance and good farming practice his new crop (cucumber) was ready for harvest.


He was urged to seek market before harvesting and he successfully managed to secure a market with Nakumatt Moshi. Due to the good quality of his products he was asked to consider supplying a number of other vegetables.

One thing all farmers should have in mind is that they should always seek advice before and after setting up the greenhouse. It is the farming skills that make the difference!